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  • Writer's pictureBeril Caymaz

Traditional beliefs of the women of Pirsus

I have forgotten the rituals of Kurdish women from Pirsus who are known for their conservative aspects and continue to do so now.


Tradition and custom form a cultural bond. When this connection means that society lives together and together, it implies that traditions have preserved the existence of society.


Although the Kurdish people, known for their traditional buildings, already have many traditions, migrations caused by the poor economic situation of the peoples of the region play a key role in paralleling world change.

It is also acknowledged that many factors such as where society lives, living standards, climatic conditions, beliefs influence the formation of tradition.


Although the vast plains in Şanlıurfa’'s Pirsus district are a significant advantage for agriculture, which is almost the only source of livelihood in the region, the severe summer drought has a negative impact on production.



"Şalûnge"

Lack or lack of water for the people of the region, especially women causes big problems. Yazı Ayçiçek, 82, who lives in Pirsus, who has lived through this harsh situation, described a ritual they used to call women and children "Şalung" to rain: "We had no water, it was very difficult for us to We ran away. When we lived in the village, we could not graze our animals or farm. Although it was winter, it was not raining. We met with women in the village and prayed for rain.

Near our village came a pool from the Euphrates. We would go and come with the donkey and the kids, then we would go home. Foods such as bulgur, pepper, onions are collected from the houses and it rains

to make it rain. We cooked and ate with what we collected. As we do these, we will both pray and sing songs. We used to believe it would rain. "

'Şalûngê şanlûngê

black and dark clouds

neither rains nor rains

we have come to be alive

give me a bowl of bulgur

God have mercy on him '

They wanted each other with white wire and needle.


In Islam, halal, which means paying a debt, lifting a bar and opening a knot, is proposed as one of the ways in which believers are deprived of their rights. It can be seen that the belief system that dominated the formation of tradition also influenced Kurdish culture.

The old women who spread the white threads and 2 sewing needles, the traditional way and image that is still done in Perseus, admit that they are halal.

Yazı Ayçiçek said, “Because it is a village, sometimes not everything is at home, we are large families. Anything from neighbors or relatives; It would be a sin to take our necessities like bulgur, sugar and tea and not give them back. Sometimes we forget, sometimes we can say that she will not be at home and will not be able to return it. People can forget things when they get older. I bought 2 meters of white quilt wire and 2 small and large needles and distributed them to every woman in the village. It is done only once, our adults did it. When I distribute it, if I have a right to other women, if I have a needle and thread that I have already bought, I give it. If we do not, the wire will ask us for an account in the other world. Wires and needles also replace the bulgur and sugar we used to make. In this way we exchange our rewards. "as stated.




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